Critical Issues in Crime and Justice Thought, Policy, and Practice 2nd edition

  • Author: Mary Maguire
  • Co-Author: Daniel (Dan) W. (William) Okada
  • Publisher: Sage Publications
  • ISBN-13: 9781483350622
  • Pages: 488
  • Binding: Paperback
  • Year of Pub / Reprint Year: 2015
  • Price USD: 75.00
Category:

Description

About The Book

A comprehensive, provocative overview of the origins and present state of issues and perspectives in criminal justice and criminology from leading scholars in the field

In this important book of essays, leading scholars explore the gamut of topics in criminal justice and criminology, examining both historical and contemporary material to illustrate the past and present of each topic covered. Drawing on a wide range of sources, the book illustrates the breadth of research, policy, and practice implications in key areas of the field, such as crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections, and criminal justice organization and management. The coverage of concepts, insights, voices, and perspectives is geared toward students with a background in criminal justice or criminology courses to challenge them to synthesize what they have learned, to question standard interpretations, and to begin to create new directions and visions for their future careers as professionals in the field.

Table Of Contents:
PART I: Criminal Justice and Criminological Paradigms
Dan Okada and Mary Maguire Chapter 1: Introduction: The Linearity of Contemporary Criminal Justice Thought: Perspective, Context, and Direction Cyndi Banks Chapter 2: The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice
Police Ethics
Discrimination
Legal Ethics
Punishment
Correctional Ethics
Ethical Criminal Justice Policy Making
Analyzing Ethical Dilemmas
Conclusion
Discussion Questions Dan Okada Chapter 3: Criminological Theory and Crime Explanation
Science/Society/Law/Crime/Criminology
Micro-Level Analyses
Macro-Level Analyses
Conclusion
Discussion Questions Peter B. Kraska Chapter 4: Unleashing the Power of Criminal Justice Theory
The Power of Criminal Justice Theory for Our Discipline
Criminal Justice: A Worthy Object of Theorizing
Developing a Useful Theoretical Infrastructure
The Power of Theory to Transform Consciousness
The Power of Theory to Affect Public Explanations
Conclusion: Embracing Criminal Justice Theory
Discussion Questions Leah E. Daigle Chapter 5: Victimology
Introduction
The Typical Victimization and Victim
The Costs of Victimization
System Costs
Mental Health Consequences and Costs
Fear of Crime
Recurring Victimization
Theories of Victimization
Routine Activities and Lifestyles Theory
Structural Causes of Victimization
Caring for the Victim
Victim Remedies and Services
Summary
Discussion Questions

PART II: Offenses and Offenders
David L. Parry Chapter 6: Juvenile Delinquency
What is Delinquency?
How Much Delinquency? Adolescent Development, Risk Factors, and Pathways to Delinquency
Conclusion
Discussion Questions Meda Chesney-Lind Chapter 7: Gender Matters: Trends in Girls’ Criminality
Crime Wave?
Delinquency: Gender Matters
Girls’ Crime, Girls’ Offenses
Girls’ Violence: When She Was Bad
Running Away: Girls Coping With Trauma and Abuse
Wild in the Streets: Girls, Drugs, and Alcohol
Shoplifting: You Shoplift as You Shop
Conclusion
Discussion Questions Helen Taylor Greene Chapter 8: Race and Crime
Definitional Issues
Theoretical Perspectives on Race and Crime
Contemporary Race and Crime Issues
Future Issues in the Study of Race and Crime
Discussion Questions Richelle S. Swan Chapter 9: Popular Culture, Media, and Crime
Introduction
Popular Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Popular Culture, Media, and Crime
Popular Methodological Approaches Used in the Study of Popular Culture, Media, and Crime
Important Research Themes in Studies of Popular Culture, Media, and Crime
Framing Gone Extreme: Moral Panics about Crime, Delinquency, and Popular Culture
Effects of Popular Culture and Media Consumption on Crime
Being Framed: The Skewed Representation of Social Groups in Crime, Media, and Entertainment
Mediating Oneself: Using Media and Popular Cultural Forms to Communicate Messages about Crime and Justice
Discussion Questions Stephen L. Muzzatti Chapter 10: Crime and Economics: Consumer Culture, Criminology, and the Politics of Exclusion
Introduction: A Spectre Is Haunting Criminology . . .
Reading the Profane: Theorizing Crime and Capitalism
Banality and Viciousness in Late Modernity
Youth and the Vicissitudes of Late Modernity
Consuming Crime and Culture
Late Modernity, Crime, and Pseudo-Pacification
Selling Crime, Marketing Transgression, and Commodifying Violence
Conclusion: Nothing to Lose but Our Chains
Discussion Questions James C. Howell and Megan Q. Howell Chapter 11: Gangs, Serious Gang Problems, and Criminal Justice: What to Do?
Introduction
Gang Definitions
Key Indicators of Serious Gang Activity
Contexts of Serious Gang Violence
Discussion of Program Implications
Discussion Questions Mary Maguire Chapter 12: Sex Crimes
Sex Crimes Defined
Theoretical Explanations
Criminal Justice Response to Sex Crimes
Conclusion
Discussion Questions Sharla J. “Kris” Cook and Timothy A. Capron Chapter 13: Terrorism and the Criminal Justice System: Questions, Issues, and Current Applicable Law
Introduction
Fighting Terrorism Effectively in a Constitutional Democracy
Surveillance and Detection
Detention and Treatment of Suspected Terrorists
Drone Strikes
Court Challenges
The Latest Developments
Discussion Questions Johnny Nhan and Michael Bachmann Chapter 14: Developments in Cyber Criminology
The Emergence of Cyber Criminology
Defining and Classifying Cybercrimes
The Internet Space and Jurisdiction
Policing and Social Control on the Internet
Security Versus Privacy
Cyber Rights and Cybercrime: The Case of Hacking
Methodological Challenges in Researching Cybercrime
Theoretical Challenges in Cybercrime Research
Conclusion: Toward a Conceptual Model of Cyber Criminology
Discussion Questions Philip L. Reichel Chapter 15: Comparative Criminology and Criminal Justice
Why Compare?
Comparative Criminology
Comparative Criminal Justice
Comparative Studies in the Coming Years
Conclusion
Discussion Questions

PART III: Policing and Law Enforcement
Craig D. Uchida Chapter 16: A History of American Policing
The Roots of Modern Policing
Law Enforcement in the West
Forming the New Police in England
American Police Systems
Policing in the 19th Century
Police Work
Reforming the Police
Becoming Professionals
Technology Development
Turbulent Times: America in the 1960s
The Legacy of the 1960s
Community Policing
Conclusion
Discussion Questions John Crank, Dawn M. Irlbeck, and Connie M. Koski Chapter 17: Police Theory
Normative–Rational Theory
Institutional Theory
Conflict Theory
Postmodernism
Conclusion
Discussion Questions Gennaro F. Vito Chapter 18: Contemporary Police and Society
Introduction
The British Paradigm: Balancing Democratic Principles and the Military Model
Conclusion
Discussion Questions Thomas W. Nolan Chapter 19: Police Organization and Administration
Origins of the Structural Model of Police Organizations
Police Organization: The Militarization of the Police
Police Organization: Subculture, Ethos, and Milieu
Organization and Subculture: Initiation and Masculinism
Organizational Subculture and Moral Superiority
Police Organization: Autonomy and Authoritarianism
Police Administration and the Civil Service
Police Administration and Unions
Conclusion
Discussion Questions

PART IV: Policy and Jurisprudence
Frank P. Williams III and Janice Ahmad Chapter 20: Public Policy
Public Policy: The Formal Version
Sources of Criminal Justice Policy
Public Policy—As It Is in Practice
The Use and Misuse of Public Policy
The Policy Implications of Public Policy
Conclusion
Discussion Questions Cassia Spohn Chapter 21: American Courts
Supreme Court Decisions and American Courts
The Sentencing Reform Movement
Specialized or Problem-Solving Courts: A Focus on Drug Courts
Conclusion: Policy Implications
Discussion Questions Randall G. Shelden Chapter 22: The Juvenile Justice System
Detention Centers
Special Issues Facing the Juvenile Justice System
The Racial Composition of Juvenile Institutions
Conclusion: The Future of the Juvenile Court
Discussion Questions

PART V: Corrections and Societal Response
Anthony Walsh and Ilhong Yun Chapter 23: The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections
What Is Corrections?
The Theoretical Underpinnings of Corrections
A Short History of Correctional Punishment
The Emergence of the Classical School
The Emergence of Positivism
The Function of Punishment
The Objectives of Corrections
The Past, Present, and Future of Corrections
Summary
Discussion Questions Traqina Emeka and Marilyn D. McShane Chapter 24: Community Corrections, Rehabilitation, Reintegration, and Reentry
Introduction
Probation: Progressive Reform and the Promise of Rehabilitation
Parole as Reward or Relief
Assessment and Prediction: Risk and Stakes
Worse Than Prison?
Reintegration and Reentry
Factors Correlated With Community Supervision Success and Failure
Ongoing Debates and Policy Implications
Discussion Questions Lois Presser and Kyle Letteney Chapter 25: Restorative Justice in Theory
What Is Restorative Justice?
Conclusion
Discussion Questions Alan Mobley Chapter 26: Garbage In, Garbage Out? Convict Criminology, the Convict Code, and Participatory Prison Reform
Mass Incarceration in America
Convict Criminology
The Convict Code
Factors Undermining the Convict Code/Formal Structure
A New Code
Discussion Questions