Computational Materials Science : An Introduction

695.00

  • Author: June Gunn Lee
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN-13: 9781439836163
  • Pages: 304
  • Binding: Hard Binding
  • Year of Pub / Reprint Year: 2015

Description

About The Book

Computational Materials Science: An Introduction covers the essentials of computational science and explains how computational tools and techniques work to help solve materials science problems. The book focuses on two levels of a materials system: the electronic structure level of nuclei and electrons and the atomistic/molecular level. It presents computational treatments of these system levels using molecular dynamics (MD) and first-principles methods, since they are most relevant in materials science and engineering.

After a general overview of computational science, the text introduces MD methods based on classical mechanics and covers their implementation with run examples of XMD and LAMMPS. The author discusses first-principles methods based on quantum mechanics at an introductory level, using illustrations and analogies to assist students in understanding this difficult subject. The book then describes the density functional theory (DFT)—the first-principles method that can handle materials practically. It also reveals how each orbital of electron leads to particular properties of solids, such as total energy, band structure, and barrier energy. The final chapter implements the DFT into actual calculations with various run examples via the VASP program.

Computational methods are contributing more than ever to the development of advanced materials and new applications. For students and newcomers to computational science, this text shows how computational science can be used as a tool for solving materials problems. Further reading sections provide students with more advanced references.

The Of Contents

Introduction
Computational materials science
Methods in computational materials science
Computers

Molecular Dynamics
Introduction
Potentials
Solutions for Newton’s equations of motion
Initialization
Integration/equilibration
Data production

MD Exercises with XMD and LAMMPS
Potential curve of Al
Melting of Ni cluster
Sintering of Ni nanoparticles
Speed distribution of Ar gas: A computer experiment
SiC deposition on Si(001)
Yield mechanism of Au nanowire
Nanodroplet of water wrapped by graphene nanoribbon

First-Principles Methods
Quantum mechanics: The beginning
Schrödinger’s wave equation
Early first-principles calculations

Density Functional Theory
Introduction
Kohn–Sham approach
Kohn–Sham equations
Exchange-correlation functional
Solving Kohn–Sham equations
DFT extensions and limitations

Treating Solids
Pseudopotential approach
Reducing the calculation size
Bloch theorem
Plane-wave expansions
Some practical topics
Practical algorithms for DFT runs

DFT Exercises with VASP
VASP
Pt-atom
Pt-FCC
Convergence tests
Pt-bulk
Pt(111)-surface
Nudged elastic band method
Pt(111)-catalyst
Band structure of silicon
Phonon calculation for silicon

Appendix 1: List of symbols and abbreviations
Appendix 2: Linux basic commands
Appendix 3: Convenient scripts
Appendix 4: The Greek alphabet
Appendix 5: SI prefixes
Appendix 6: Atomic units

Index

Salient Features

  • Provides a much-needed practical introduction to computational science for nonspecialist materials science students and engineers
  • Employs XMD, LAMMPS, and VASP, the most frequently used computer programs in the field
  • Offers the option of conducting lectures and running exercises simultaneously
  • Includes exercises with XMD that can be carried out on PCs as well as exercises with LAMMPS and VASP that can be implemented on any mini-supercomputer via remote access from the classroom
  • Contains numerous worked examples, references, and homework problems

About The Author

June Gunn Lee is an emeritus research fellow in the Computational Science Center at the Korea Institute of Science and Technology, where he has worked for 28 years. He has published roughly 70 papers on engineering ceramics and computational materials science. He earned a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the University of Utah.