Basic Principles And Calculations In Chemical Engineering 8ed


  • Author: David M Himmelblau , James B Riggs
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • ISBN-13: 9789332549623
  • Pages: 800
  • Binding: Paperback
  • Year of Pub / Reprint Year: 2015


About The Book

Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition goes far beyond traditional introductory chemical engineering topics, presenting applications that reflect the full scope of contemporary chemical, petroleum and environmental engineering. Celebrating its fiftieth Anniversary as the fields leading practical introduction, it has been extensively updated and reorganized to cover todays principles and calculations more efficiently and to present far more coverage of bioengineering, nanoengineering and green engineering.
Offering a strong foundation of skills and knowledge for successful study and practice, it guides students through formulating and solving material and energy balance problems, as well as describing gases, liquids and vapors. Throughout, the authors introduce efficient, consistent, student-friendly methods for solving problems, analyzing data and gaining a conceptual, application-based understanding of modern chemical engineering processes. This editions improvements include many new problems, examples and homework assignments.

Table of Contents
Preface xiii

Read Me xv
Acknowledgements xix
About the Authors xx

Chapter 1: What are Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering?
1.1 Introduction
1.2 A Brief History of Chemical Engineering
1.3 Where Do Chemical and Bioengineers Work?
1.4 Future Contributions of Chemical and Bioengineering
1.5 Conclusion
Chapter 2: Introductory Concepts
2.1 Systems of Units
2.2 Conversion of Units
2.3 Dimensional Consistency
2.4 Significant Figures
2.5 Validation of Results
2.6 The Mole and Molecular Weight
2.7 Choosing a Basis
2.8 Density and Specific Gravity
2.9 Concentration
2.10 Temperature
2.11 Pressure and Hydrostatic Head
2.12 Flow Rate

Part II: Material Balances
Chapter 3: Material Balances
3.1 Introduction to Material Balances
3.2 A General Strategy for Solving Material Balance Problems
Chapter 4: Material Balances without Reaction
Chapter 5: Material Balances Involving Reactions
5.1 Stoichiometry
5.2 Terminology for Reaction Systems
5.3 Species Mole Balances
5.4 Element Material Balances
5.5 Material Balances for Combustion Systems

Chapter 6: Material Balances for Multi-Unit Systems
6.2 Sequential Multi-Unit Systems
6.3 Recycle Systems
6.4 Bypass and Purge
6.5 The Industrial Application of Material Balances

Part III: Gases, Vapors, and Liquids
Chapter 7: Ideal and Real Gases
7.1 Ideal Gases
7.2 Real Gases: Equations of State
7.3 Real Gases: Compressibility Charts
7.4 Real Gas Mixtures

Chapter 8: Multiphase Equilibrium
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Phase Diagrams and the Phase Rule
8.3 Single Component Two-Phase Systems (Vapor Pressure)
8.4 Two-Component Gas/Single-Component Liquid Systems
8.5 Two Component Gas/Two Component Liquid Systems
8.6 Multicomponent Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium

Part IV: Energy
Chapter 9: Energy Balances
9.1 Terminology Associated with Energy Balances
9.2 Types of Energy to Be Included in Energy Balances
9.3 Energy Balances without Reaction

Chapter 10: Energy Balances: How to Account for Chemical Reaction
10.1 The Standard Heat (Enthalpy) of Formation
10.2 The Heat (Enthalpy) of Reaction
10.3 Integration of Heat of Formation and Sensible Heat
10.4 The Heat (Enthalpy) of Combustion

CHAPTER 11: Humidity (Psychrometric) Charts and Their Use
11.1 Terminology
11.2 The Humidity (Psychrometric) Chart
11.3 Applications of the Humidity Chart

Part V: Supplementary Material
Chapter 12: Analysis Of The Degrees Of Freedom in a Steady-State Process
Chapter 13: Heats of Solution and Mixing
Chapter 14: The Mechanical Energy Balance
Chapter 15: Liquids and Gases in Equilibrium with Solids
Chapter 16: Solving Material and Energy Balances UsingProcess Simulators (Flowsheeting Codes)
Chapter 17: Unsteady-State Material And Energy Balances

Appendix A: Answers to Supplemental Questions and Problems
Appendix B: Atomic Weights and Numbers
Appendix C: Table of the Pitzer Z0 and Z1 Factors
Appendix D: Heats of Formation and Combustion
Appendix E: Answers to Selected Problems
Appendix F: Physical Properties Of Various Organic And Inorganic Substances
Appendix G: Heat Capacity Equations
Appendix H: Vapor Pressures
Appendix I: Heats of Solution and Dilution
Appendix J: Enthalpy-Concentration Data
Appendix K: Thermodynamic Charts
Appendix L: Physical Properties of Petroleum Fractions
Appendix M: Solution of Sets of Equations
Appendix N: Fitting Functions to Data

Index 928

About the Authors


David M. Himmelblau was the American Petrofina Foundation Centennial Professor in Chemical Engineering at the University of Texas, Austin. The author of sixteen books, his areas of research included the use of artificial neural networks for fault diagnosis and data rectification.
James B. Riggs is Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department at Texas Tech University, where he directs the Texas Tech Process Control and Optimization Consortium. His books include Chemical Process Control, Second Edition and An Introduction to Numerical Methods for Chemical Engineers, Second Edition .